Difference Between Hard Water and Soft Water

If we talk about the difference between hard water and soft water, Hard water contains all kinds of minerals like calcium and magnesium, but if we talk about soft water, it includes the only ion that is sodium.

Here is the best example for you so that you can differentiate between hard water and soft water easily:-

Have you seen the rain? Yes, I’m talking about rain because rainwater is the best example of soft water when it falls to the ground it converts into hard water as it contains various minerals when it lands in the ground like calcium, magnesium, chalk, and lime also.

As we talk about soft water, it is not safe for drinking because of its taste and other health issues, whereas hard water is safe for drinking, purposes not because of its taste but because of its health benefits.

What is Hard Water?

It is actually about chemical compounds are dissolve in water. When rainwater falls, it is naturally very soft. Still, as it makes its way to the inside ground and into the waterways, it picks up certain minerals on the road such as chalk, lime, and mostly it picks it calcium and magnesium.

The hard water has a lot of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and gypsum, limestone, chalk, bicarbonates, and sulfate.

It contains a lot of minerals, that’s why it is suitable for drinking, and it is safe for drinking because of some health benefits.

Now we will see how Hard Water looks like:-

Hard water looks cloudy, and when soap mixed with hard water, it does not create a lot of bubbles.

Types of Hard Water

Based on hardness it is divided into two categories:-

  • Temporary hard water
  • Permanent hard water

Temporary hard water can quickly convert into soft water, but if we talk about permanent hard water, it cannot be converted easily into soft water.

  • Temporary hardness is due to dissolved bicarbonate minerals like magnesium bicarbonate and calcium bicarbonate.
  • Permanent hardness is due to the presence of calcium sulfate or calcium chloride or magnesium sulfate or magnesium chloride.

Advantages of Hard Water

  • It is suitable for brewing and tanning.
  • It has health benefits because it contains a lot of minerals.
  • It strengthens bone and teeth because it contains calcium, which is essential for the whitening of teeth, and calcium makes bone strong.
  • It makes digestion better.

Disadvantages of Hard Water 

  • It doesn’t form lather quickly.
  • It puts a strain on clothes.
  • It impacts your hair by making it dry, frizzy and sometimes it causes dandruff also.
  • It impacts your skin by making it dry and itchy.
  • It leads to corrosion of the pipe and also clogs it.

What is Soft Water?

Soft water is water with higher sodium content but a small concentration of the skull ship and magnesium. Soft water contains a low level of ions and low in ions of calcium and magnesium. Soft water naturally occurs whenever there is rainfall.

Now we’ll discuss How Soft Water looks like:-

Soft water looks very clear, and when it mixed with soap, it forms bubbles very quickly.

Advantages of Soft Water 

  • It makes your skin smoother when you bath it.
  • It makes your clothes last longer and remain brighter.
  • It cleans dishes with less water.
  • It helps in forming lather quickly.
  • It is suitable for hair and skin.

Disadvantages of Soft Water 

  • It tastes salty.
  • It can deprive the drinkers of vital minerals.
  • It is known to have caused severe heart ailments and coronary diseases.

How can you Convert Hard Water into Soft Water?

So, here is one of the easiest ways of converting hard water into soft water. Any guesses… Ok, So, 

Boiling Water

Let me tell you, and the answer is boiling water. Yes, you heard right boiling of water because boiling of water helps in removing hardness of water temporarily as when water is boiled minerals settle down at the bottom of the vessel then you can use water, scoop up the soft water from the top and leave the mineral deposits at the bottom of the vessel.

For permanent use, you can use softener, which can be attached to a kitchen faucet. The hard water softener present in the drain will remove the minerals from the water before releasing the water from the tap.

Difference Between Hard Water and Soft Water

Hard Water Vs Soft Water
BasisHard WaterSoft Water
Drinking purposeIt is suitable for drinking purposes because it contains essential minerals that are needed by our body.It is not suitable for drinking because it contains only ion, i.e., sodium, which is not very essential for our body.
VisibilityIt looks cloudy.It looks clear.
Formation of latherFormation of lather is not possible in hard water because the hard water contains too many soluble salts of magnesium and calcium.Lather can be easily formed in soft water because soft water has few calcium ions, no inhibition of the lathering action of soaps, and no soap scum formed in regular washing.

How can you check whether water is hard or soft?

So, there are a few steps which you have to follow to check whether water is hard or soft:-

Let’s get started

  1. Fill a clear container with water.
  2. Squeeze in some pure liquid soap.
  3. Shake vigorously.
  4. Look for suds and water clarity.

It is just like an experiment, so you have to perform this experiment and check the condition of water, whether it is hard or soft.

For Drinking What We Use Hard or Soft Water?

So, let me tell you it depends upon the usefulness. I mean you have to check for what purpose you need water-based on the advantages and disadvantages of hard and soft water you have to decide which suits you better.

For example, you need water for drinking purposes. You must go in hard water because it contains essential minerals like calcium and magnesium, which is healthy for our body.

If you need water for bathing, you must go with soft water because it makes your skin soft and makes your hair smoother and shinier. Soft water is better for cleaning. That goes for your clothes and dishes as well as your skin. So now I think you have understood the Difference Between Hard Water and Soft Water.

Read This also: – 22 Easy Tips on How to Save Water in Daily Life

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